Museum of 20th Century
The Kulturforum is getting a new building: a museum of twentieth-century art. Along with the "Mies building", it will enable the Nationalgalerie to show its major collection of twentieth-century art in a coherent form at last.
Plans for a New Building to Show Twentieth-century Art at the Kulturforum
In November 2014, the Bundestag, Germany’s parliament, resolved to assign 200 million euros to the Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation) for a new building to show twentieth-century art at the Kulturforum. The new building is needed because for decades it has only been possible to exhibit small selections from the Nationalgalerie's comprehensive collection of twentieth-century art.
The new building will allow several internationally significant art collections to be displayed together permanently for the first time: the Nationalgalerie's collection of twentieth-century art, the Marx and Pietzsch collections, parts of the Marzona collection, which is embedded inthe Staatliche Museen, and works from the Kupferstichkabinett (Museum of Prints and Drawings). They will be shown both on the lower level of the Neue Nationalgalerie and, above all, in the exhibition spaces of the new building.
On September 3, 2015 entries were requested for the ideas competition “The Museum of the 20th Century and its Urban Integration.” The purpose of this competition was to clarify a design strategy for the site layout, architecture, and landscaping of the museum of twentieth-century art and its immediate surroundings. It is also meant to provide the competition’s organizers with knowledge that will be useful in refining the brief and formulating precise specifications for the subsequent architectural competition.
Designs were submitted by 460 teams consisting of architects and landscape architects. The jury met in early February and awarded prizes to ten entries. In addition to the ten prizewinners in the ideas competition, between eight and twelve other teams will be invited to take part in the next stage. Other practices can apply to take part by entering an international realisation competition. These three categories will form the field of entrants in the architectural competition.
Steps Towards a New Museum at the Kulturforum
- September 2015 to February 2016: Ideas competition
- Mid-December 2015: Submission of design and model by entrants
- First half of February: Meeting of the jury and selection of ten prizewinners
- February 26 to March 13, 2016: exhibition of all 460 submitted designs
- Spring/summer 2016: Probable start of multi-part design competition
- 2016: Selection of the winning design
- 2022: Opening of the completed museum
The Nationalgalerie's Collection of Twentieth-century Art
At the beginning of the twentieth century, Berlin was a city of the avant-garde. The director of the Nationalgalerie, Hugo von Tschudi, had opened the doors of his establishment to modern art as early as the late nineteenth century, when he acquired pictures by French Impressionist painters. His successor, Ludwig Justi, enlarged the collection of classical modernism. In 1919, he set up the "Gallery of the Living" in the Kronprinzenpalais on Unter den Linden. Under this heading, the Nationalgalerie showed key works by Max Beckmann, Rudolf Belling, Lyonel Feininger, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Paul Klee, and many other influential modern artists. It continued to do so until this department was closed by the Nazis in 1933. In the Third Reich, large parts of this collection were labeled "degenerate art" and were confiscated or destroyed.
The collection of the Nationalgalerie suffered extensive losses as a result of Nazi rule and the Second World War. In 1949, the partition of Germany split the collection into two parts, which were developed along different lines in the East and the West. The Nationalgalerie, as part of the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, made a particular effort to acquire modern art systematically in the post-war period. Other important paintings were purchased for the collection with the help of the “Verein der Freunde der Nationalgalerie”, the association of friends of the gallery. After the reunification of Germany, the collection was augmented with that of the Nationalgalerie in East Berlin, including the art of the GDR. In recent years, the Nationalgalerie has expanded its collection of twentieth-century art on a large scale by making numerous acquisitions, as well as by receiving donations from private collectors.
Only selections from this collection could be shown in the Neue Nationalgalerie, however, owing to the limited exhibition space available there. The planned Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts is intended to give visitors a comprehensive view of art as it developed from around 1900 to the end of the twentieth century. Some of the works of classical modernism will be put on display in the Neue Nationalgalerie after the completion of the refurbishment work, beginning in 2020. Classical modern works will also be exhibited in the new building. The presentation there, however, will focus on the art of the second half of the twentieth century.
Additional Information on the Competition
Link for Additional Information